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정성태 (techsharer at outlook.com)
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.NET Core + BenchmarkDotNet 실행 시 프레임워크를 찾지 못하는 문제

.NET Core Console 프로젝트에서 BenchmarkDotNet을 이용해 성능 테스트를 하는 경우 다음과 같은 출력 결과가 나올 수 있습니다.

// ***** BenchmarkRunner: Start   *****
// Found benchmarks:
//   LoopTest.ForLoopTest: DefaultJob [N=1000]
//   LoopTest.SpanLoopTest: DefaultJob [N=1000]
//   LoopTest.PtrLoopTest: DefaultJob [N=1000]
//   LoopTest.ForLoopTest: DefaultJob [N=10000]
//   LoopTest.SpanLoopTest: DefaultJob [N=10000]
//   LoopTest.PtrLoopTest: DefaultJob [N=10000]

// Validating benchmarks:
// ***** Building 6 benchmark(s) in Parallel: Start   *****
// ***** Done, took 00:00:29 (29.47 sec)   *****
// **************************
// Benchmark: LoopTest.ForLoopTest: DefaultJob [N=1000]
// *** Execute ***
// Launch: 1 / 1
It was not possible to find any compatible framework version
The specified framework 'Microsoft.NETCore.App', version '2.1.0-preview1-26216-03' was not found.
  - Check application dependencies and target a framework version installed at:
      C:\Program Files\dotnet\
  - Installing .NET Core prerequisites might help resolve this problem:
      http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=798306&clcid=0x409
  - The .NET Core framework and SDK can be installed from:
      https://aka.ms/dotnet-download
  - The following versions are installed:
      1.0.5 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      1.1.2 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.0 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.3 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.4 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.5 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.6 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.7 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.1.0-preview1-26105-01 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.1.0 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
ExitCode != 0
No more Benchmark runs will be launched as NO measurements were obtained from the previous run!


// **************************
// Benchmark: LoopTest.SpanLoopTest: DefaultJob [N=1000]
// *** Execute ***
// Launch: 1 / 1
It was not possible to find any compatible framework version
The specified framework 'Microsoft.NETCore.App', version '2.1.0-preview1-26216-03' was not found.
  - Check application dependencies and target a framework version installed at:
      C:\Program Files\dotnet\
  - Installing .NET Core prerequisites might help resolve this problem:
      http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=798306&clcid=0x409
  - The .NET Core framework and SDK can be installed from:
      https://aka.ms/dotnet-download
  - The following versions are installed:
      1.0.5 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      1.1.2 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.0 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.3 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.4 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.5 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.6 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.7 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.1.0-preview1-26105-01 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.1.0 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
ExitCode != 0
No more Benchmark runs will be launched as NO measurements were obtained from the previous run!


// **************************
// Benchmark: LoopTest.PtrLoopTest: DefaultJob [N=1000]
// *** Execute ***
// Launch: 1 / 1
It was not possible to find any compatible framework version
The specified framework 'Microsoft.NETCore.App', version '2.1.0-preview1-26216-03' was not found.
  - Check application dependencies and target a framework version installed at:
      C:\Program Files\dotnet\
  - Installing .NET Core prerequisites might help resolve this problem:
      http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=798306&clcid=0x409
  - The .NET Core framework and SDK can be installed from:
      https://aka.ms/dotnet-download
  - The following versions are installed:
      1.0.5 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      1.1.2 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.0 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.3 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.4 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.5 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.6 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.7 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.1.0-preview1-26105-01 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.1.0 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
ExitCode != 0
No more Benchmark runs will be launched as NO measurements were obtained from the previous run!


// **************************
// Benchmark: LoopTest.ForLoopTest: DefaultJob [N=10000]
// *** Execute ***
// Launch: 1 / 1
It was not possible to find any compatible framework version
The specified framework 'Microsoft.NETCore.App', version '2.1.0-preview1-26216-03' was not found.
  - Check application dependencies and target a framework version installed at:
      C:\Program Files\dotnet\
  - Installing .NET Core prerequisites might help resolve this problem:
      http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=798306&clcid=0x409
  - The .NET Core framework and SDK can be installed from:
      https://aka.ms/dotnet-download
  - The following versions are installed:
      1.0.5 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      1.1.2 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.0 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.3 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.4 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.5 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.6 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.7 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.1.0-preview1-26105-01 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.1.0 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
ExitCode != 0
No more Benchmark runs will be launched as NO measurements were obtained from the previous run!


// **************************
// Benchmark: LoopTest.SpanLoopTest: DefaultJob [N=10000]
// *** Execute ***
// Launch: 1 / 1
It was not possible to find any compatible framework version
The specified framework 'Microsoft.NETCore.App', version '2.1.0-preview1-26216-03' was not found.
  - Check application dependencies and target a framework version installed at:
      C:\Program Files\dotnet\
  - Installing .NET Core prerequisites might help resolve this problem:
      http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=798306&clcid=0x409
  - The .NET Core framework and SDK can be installed from:
      https://aka.ms/dotnet-download
  - The following versions are installed:
      1.0.5 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      1.1.2 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.0 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.3 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.4 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.5 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.6 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.7 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.1.0-preview1-26105-01 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.1.0 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
ExitCode != 0
No more Benchmark runs will be launched as NO measurements were obtained from the previous run!


// **************************
// Benchmark: LoopTest.PtrLoopTest: DefaultJob [N=10000]
// *** Execute ***
// Launch: 1 / 1
It was not possible to find any compatible framework version
The specified framework 'Microsoft.NETCore.App', version '2.1.0-preview1-26216-03' was not found.
  - Check application dependencies and target a framework version installed at:
      C:\Program Files\dotnet\
  - Installing .NET Core prerequisites might help resolve this problem:
      http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=798306&clcid=0x409
  - The .NET Core framework and SDK can be installed from:
      https://aka.ms/dotnet-download
  - The following versions are installed:
      1.0.5 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      1.1.2 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.0 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.3 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.4 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.5 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.6 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.0.7 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.1.0-preview1-26105-01 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
      2.1.0 at [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
ExitCode != 0
No more Benchmark runs will be launched as NO measurements were obtained from the previous run!


// ***** BenchmarkRunner: Finish  *****

// * Export *
  BenchmarkDotNet.Artifacts\results\LoopTest-report.csv
  BenchmarkDotNet.Artifacts\results\LoopTest-report-github.md
  BenchmarkDotNet.Artifacts\results\LoopTest-report.html

// * Detailed results *
LoopTest.ForLoopTest: DefaultJob [N=1000]
Runtime = ; GC =
There are not any results runs

LoopTest.SpanLoopTest: DefaultJob [N=1000]
Runtime = ; GC =
There are not any results runs

LoopTest.PtrLoopTest: DefaultJob [N=1000]
Runtime = ; GC =
There are not any results runs

LoopTest.ForLoopTest: DefaultJob [N=10000]
Runtime = ; GC =
There are not any results runs

LoopTest.SpanLoopTest: DefaultJob [N=10000]
Runtime = ; GC =
There are not any results runs

LoopTest.PtrLoopTest: DefaultJob [N=10000]
Runtime = ; GC =
There are not any results runs

Total time: 00:00:29 (29.72 sec)

// * Summary *

BenchmarkDotNet=v0.10.14, OS=Windows 10.0.17134
Intel Core i5-4670 CPU 3.40GHz (Haswell), 1 CPU, 4 logical and 4 physical cores
.NET Core SDK=2.2.0-preview1-007877
  [Host] : .NET Core 2.1.0 (CoreCLR 4.6.26515.07, CoreFX 4.6.26515.06), 64bit RyuJIT


       Method |     N | Mean | Error |
------------- |------ |-----:|------:|
  ForLoopTest |  1000 |   NA |    NA |
 SpanLoopTest |  1000 |   NA |    NA |
  PtrLoopTest |  1000 |   NA |    NA |
  ForLoopTest | 10000 |   NA |    NA |
 SpanLoopTest | 10000 |   NA |    NA |
  PtrLoopTest | 10000 |   NA |    NA |

Benchmarks with issues:
  LoopTest.ForLoopTest: DefaultJob [N=1000]
  LoopTest.SpanLoopTest: DefaultJob [N=1000]
  LoopTest.PtrLoopTest: DefaultJob [N=1000]
  LoopTest.ForLoopTest: DefaultJob [N=10000]
  LoopTest.SpanLoopTest: DefaultJob [N=10000]
  LoopTest.PtrLoopTest: DefaultJob [N=10000]

// * Legends *
  N     : Value of the 'N' parameter
  Mean  : Arithmetic mean of all measurements
  Error : Half of 99.9% confidence interval
  1 ns  : 1 Nanosecond (0.000000001 sec)

// ***** BenchmarkRunner: End *****
// * Artifacts cleanup *

BenchmarkDotNet이 CoreCLR을 찾는 기준이 뭔지는 모르겠지만 메시지에 나온 "2.1.0-preview1-26216-03" 버전이 어떻게 나온 것인지 이해가 안 됩니다. 왜냐하면 (64비트로 실행한 위의 예제는) 그 버전과 관련된 dotnet 런타임 설치는 한 적이 없기 때문입니다. (물론, 제가 모를 수도 있지만!) 다음은 제 컴퓨터에 설치된 (x64 버전의) sdk와 runtime의 목록입니다.

C:\Program Files\dotnet>dotnet  --list-sdks
1.0.4 [C:\Program Files\dotnet\sdk]
1.1.0 [C:\Program Files\dotnet\sdk]
2.0.0 [C:\Program Files\dotnet\sdk]
2.0.2 [C:\Program Files\dotnet\sdk]
2.0.3 [C:\Program Files\dotnet\sdk]
2.1.2 [C:\Program Files\dotnet\sdk]
2.1.3 [C:\Program Files\dotnet\sdk]
2.1.4 [C:\Program Files\dotnet\sdk]
2.1.104 [C:\Program Files\dotnet\sdk]
2.1.200 [C:\Program Files\dotnet\sdk]
2.1.201 [C:\Program Files\dotnet\sdk]
2.1.300 [C:\Program Files\dotnet\sdk]
2.2.0-preview1-007877 [C:\Program Files\dotnet\sdk]

C:\Program Files\dotnet>dotnet  --list-runtimes
Microsoft.AspNetCore.All 2.1.0 [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.AspNetCore.All]
Microsoft.AspNetCore.App 2.1.0 [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.AspNetCore.App]
Microsoft.NETCore.App 1.0.5 [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
Microsoft.NETCore.App 1.1.2 [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
Microsoft.NETCore.App 2.0.0 [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
Microsoft.NETCore.App 2.0.3 [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
Microsoft.NETCore.App 2.0.4 [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
Microsoft.NETCore.App 2.0.5 [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
Microsoft.NETCore.App 2.0.6 [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
Microsoft.NETCore.App 2.0.7 [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
Microsoft.NETCore.App 2.1.0-preview1-26105-01 [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]
Microsoft.NETCore.App 2.1.0 [C:\Program Files\dotnet\shared\Microsoft.NETCore.App]

어쨌든 저 목록에 없기 때문에 그런 오류가 발생한 것입니다. 관련해서 직접적인 해결 방법을 찾을 수는 없었는데요, 대신 csproj의 RuntimeFrameworkVersion을 명시하는 것으로 우회할 수 있었습니다.

<Project Sdk="Microsoft.NET.Sdk">

  <PropertyGroup>
    <OutputType>Exe</OutputType>
    <TargetFramework>netcoreapp2.1</TargetFramework>
    <RuntimeFrameworkVersion>2.1.0</RuntimeFrameworkVersion>
  </PropertyGroup>

  <PropertyGroup Condition="'$(Configuration)|$(Platform)'=='Release|AnyCPU'">
    <AllowUnsafeBlocks>true</AllowUnsafeBlocks>
    <PlatformTarget>x64</PlatformTarget>
  </PropertyGroup>

  <PropertyGroup Condition="'$(Configuration)|$(Platform)'=='Debug|AnyCPU'">
    <AllowUnsafeBlocks>true</AllowUnsafeBlocks>
    <PlatformTarget>x64</PlatformTarget>
  </PropertyGroup>

  <ItemGroup>
    <PackageReference Include="BenchmarkDotNet" Version="0.10.14" />
  </ItemGroup>

</Project>

"dotnet --list-runtimes" 명령어로 출력된 목록 중에 원하는 버전을 RuntimeFrameworkVersion에 명시하면 .NET Core Console 응용 프로그램이 그 환경에서 동작하게 됩니다. 이럴 때 BenchmarkDotNet은 별다른 버전 찾기를 하지 않아 오류가 발생하지 않는 것 같습니다.




[이 글에 대해서 여러분들과 의견을 공유하고 싶습니다. 틀리거나 미흡한 부분 또는 의문 사항이 있으시면 언제든 댓글 남겨주십시오.]







[최초 등록일: ]
[최종 수정일: 6/13/2018]

Creative Commons License
이 저작물은 크리에이티브 커먼즈 코리아 저작자표시-비영리-변경금지 2.0 대한민국 라이센스에 따라 이용하실 수 있습니다.
by SeongTae Jeong, mailto:techsharer at outlook.com

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