Microsoft MVP성태의 닷넷 이야기
글쓴 사람
정성태 (techsharer at outlook.com)
홈페이지
첨부 파일
 

uwsgi 설치 시 fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory

uwsgi도 python의 모듈로 설치되는데요, 예를 들어 python 3.11을 적용한 웹 애플리케이션을 만들어도 기존 환경의 uwsgi를 실행하면,

$ ~/.local/bin/uwsgi --py-autoreload=3 --http-socket :18091 --chdir /testprj/django --wsgi-file ./testprj/wsgi.py
*** Starting uWSGI 2.0.20 (64bit) on [Sat Nov 26 13:58:37 2022] ***
compiled with version: 9.4.0 on 10 May 2022 06:47:13
os: Linux-5.15.74.2-microsoft-standard-WSL2 #1 SMP Sat Nov 2 19:50:29 UTC 2022
nodename: testusr10
machine: x86_64
clock source: unix
detected number of CPU cores: 16
current working directory: /testprj/django
detected binary path: /home/testusr/.local/bin/uwsgi
!!! no internal routing support, rebuild with pcre support !!!
chdir() to /testprj/django
your processes number limit is 126951
your memory page size is 4096 bytes
detected max file descriptor number: 1024
lock engine: pthread robust mutexes
thunder lock: disabled (you can enable it with --thunder-lock)
uwsgi socket 0 bound to TCP address :18091 fd 3
Python version: 3.8.10 (default, Jun 22 2022, 20:18:18)  [GCC 9.4.0]
Python main interpreter initialized at 0x564cccc076e0
python threads support enabled
your server socket listen backlog is limited to 100 connections
your mercy for graceful operations on workers is 60 seconds
mapped 145808 bytes (142 KB) for 1 cores
*** Operational MODE: single process ***
WSGI app 0 (mountpoint='') ready in 0 seconds on interpreter 0x564cccc076e0 pid: 9810 (default app)
*** uWSGI is running in multiple interpreter mode ***
spawned uWSGI master process (pid: 9810)
spawned uWSGI worker 1 (pid: 9812, cores: 1)
Python auto-reloader enabled

웹 애플리케이션과 상관없이 uwsgi를 설치한 python 환경으로 실행됩니다. 따라서, 다음과 같이 명시적으로 해당 파이썬의 버전으로 uwsgi 모듈을 설치해야 합니다.

$ python3.11 -m pip install uwsgi
Defaulting to user installation because normal site-packages is not writeable
Collecting uwsgi
  Using cached uwsgi-2.0.21.tar.gz (808 kB)
  Preparing metadata (setup.py) ... done
Building wheels for collected packages: uwsgi
  Building wheel for uwsgi (setup.py) ... done
  Created wheel for uwsgi: filename=uWSGI-2.0.21-cp311-cp311-linux_x86_64.whl size=554642 sha256=22a639e9ace98d52ba5442af5a7b8e2a43eca2c3270d5a929e41cc63c374d211
  Stored in directory: /home/testusr/.cache/pip/wheels/ee/d7/0c/3abf1fe02439b5d37adf23207499340f89c5120bde5fc474f6
Successfully built uwsgi
Installing collected packages: uwsgi
Successfully installed uwsgi-2.0.21

이후 다시 실행하면 정상적으로 3.11 버전의 파이썬 환경이 적용되는 것을 확인할 수 있습니다.

$ /home/testusr/.local/bin/uwsgi --py-autoreload=3 --http-socket :18091 --chdir /testprj/django --wsgi-file ./testprj/wsgi.py
*** Starting uWSGI 2.0.21 (64bit) on [Sat Nov 26 14:13:50 2022] ***
compiled with version: 9.4.0 on 26 November 2022 05:11:23
...[생략]...
Python version: 3.11.0 (main, Oct 24 2022, 19:55:51) [GCC 9.4.0]
Python main interpreter initialized at 0x7f66d4e8c838
...[생략]...




참고로, uwsgi 설치 시 다음과 같은 오류가 발생한다면?

$ python3.11 -m pip install uwsgi
Defaulting to user installation because normal site-packages is not writeable
Collecting uwsgi
  Using cached uwsgi-2.0.21.tar.gz (808 kB)
  Preparing metadata (setup.py) ... done
Building wheels for collected packages: uwsgi
  Building wheel for uwsgi (setup.py) ... error
  error: subprocess-exited-with-error

  × python setup.py bdist_wheel did not run successfully.
  │ exit code: 1
  ╰─> [157 lines of output]
      /usr/lib/python3.11/distutils/dist.py:274: UserWarning: Unknown distribution option: 'descriptions'
        warnings.warn(msg)
      running bdist_wheel
      running build
      running build_py
      creating build
      creating build/lib
      copying uwsgidecorators.py -> build/lib
      installing to build/bdist.linux-x86_64/wheel
      running install
      using profile: buildconf/default.ini
      detected include path: ['/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/9/include', '/usr/local/include', '/usr/include/x86_64-linux-gnu', '/usr/include']
      Patching "bin_name" to properly install_scripts dir
      detected CPU cores: 16
      configured CFLAGS: -O2 -I. -Wall -D_LARGEFILE_SOURCE -D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64 -Wextra -Wno-unused-parameter -Wno-missing-field-initializers -DUWSGI_HAS_IFADDRS -DUWSGI_ZLIB -DUWSGI_LOCK_USE_MUTEX -DUWSGI_EVENT_USE_EPOLL ...[생략]...(transformation_template);ULEP(stats_pusher_socket);"
      *** uWSGI compiling server core ***
      [thread 1][x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc -pthread] core/master.o
      ...[생략]...
      [thread 6][x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc -pthread] core/config_py.o
      *** uWSGI compiling embedded plugins ***
      [thread 12][x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc -pthread] plugins/python/pyutils.o
      ...[생략]...
      [thread 1][x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc -pthread] plugins/python/uwsgi_pymodule.o
      In file included from plugins/python/pyutils.c:1:
      plugins/python/uwsgi_python.h:4:10: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
          4 | #include <Python.h>
            |          ^~~~~~~~~~
      compilation terminated.
      [thread 4][x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc -pthread] plugins/python/profiler.o
      In file included from plugins/python/python_plugin.c:1:
      plugins/python/uwsgi_python.h:4:10: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
          4 | #include <Python.h>
            |          ^~~~~~~~~~
      compilation terminated.
      In file included from plugins/python/pyloader.c:1:
      plugins/python/uwsgi_python.h:4:10: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
          4 | #include <Python.h>
            |          ^~~~~~~~~~
      compilation terminated.
      In file included from plugins/python/wsgi_handlers.c:1:
      plugins/python/uwsgi_python.h:4:10: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
          4 | #include <Python.h>
            |          ^~~~~~~~~~
      compilation terminated.
      In file included from plugins/python/wsgi_headers.c:1:
      plugins/python/uwsgi_python.h:4:10: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
          4 | #include <Python.h>
            |          ^~~~~~~~~~
      compilation terminated.
      In file included from plugins/python/wsgi_subhandler.c:1:
      plugins/python/uwsgi_python.h:4:10: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
          4 | #include <Python.h>
            |          ^~~~~~~~~~
      compilation terminated.
      In file included from plugins/python/web3_subhandler.c:1:
      plugins/python/uwsgi_python.h:4:10: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
          4 | #include <Python.h>
            |          ^~~~~~~~~~
      compilation terminated.
      In file included from plugins/python/gil.c:1:
      plugins/python/uwsgi_python.h:4:10: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
          4 | #include <Python.h>
            |          ^~~~~~~~~~
      compilation terminated.
      In file included from plugins/python/pump_subhandler.c:1:
      plugins/python/uwsgi_python.h:4:10: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
          4 | #include <Python.h>
            |          ^~~~~~~~~~
      compilation terminated.
      In file included from plugins/python/uwsgi_pymodule.c:1:
      plugins/python/uwsgi_python.h:4:10: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
          4 | #include <Python.h>
            |          ^~~~~~~~~~
      compilation terminated.
      In file included from plugins/python/profiler.c:1:
      plugins/python/uwsgi_python.h:4:10: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
          4 | #include <Python.h>
            |          ^~~~~~~~~~
      compilation terminated.
      [end of output]

  note: This error originates from a subprocess, and is likely not a problem with pip.
  ERROR: Failed building wheel for uwsgi
  Running setup.py clean for uwsgi
Failed to build uwsgi
Installing collected packages: uwsgi
  Running setup.py install for uwsgi ... error
  error: subprocess-exited-with-error

  × Running setup.py install for uwsgi did not run successfully.
  │ exit code: 1
  ╰─> [182 lines of output]
      /usr/lib/python3.11/distutils/dist.py:274: UserWarning: Unknown distribution option: 'descriptions'
        warnings.warn(msg)
      running install
      using profile: buildconf/default.ini
      detected include path: ['/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/9/include', '/usr/local/include', '/usr/include/x86_64-linux-gnu', '/usr/include']
      Patching "bin_name" to properly install_scripts dir
      detected CPU cores: 16
      configured CFLAGS: -O2 -I. -Wall -D_LARGEFILE_SOURCE -D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64 -Wextra -Wno-unused-parameter ...[생략]... ULEP(transformation_template);ULEP(stats_pusher_socket);"
      *** uWSGI compiling server core ***
      core/utils.o is up to date
      ...[생략]...
      core/xmlconf.o is up to date
      [thread 2][x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc -pthread] core/dot_h.o
      [thread 3][x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc -pthread] core/config_py.o
      *** uWSGI compiling embedded plugins ***
      [thread 1][x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc -pthread] plugins/python/wsgi_headers.o
      ...[생략]...
      [thread 3][x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc -pthread] plugins/gevent/hooks.o
      In file included from plugins/python/pyloader.c:1:
      plugins/python/uwsgi_python.h:4:10: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
          4 | #include <Python.h>
            |          ^~~~~~~~~~
      compilation terminated.
      In file included from plugins/python/pyutils.c:1:
      plugins/python/uwsgi_python.h:4:10: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
          4 | #include <Python.h>
            |          ^~~~~~~~~~
      compilation terminated.
      In file included from plugins/python/python_plugin.c:1:
      plugins/python/uwsgi_python.h:4:10: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
          4 | #include <Python.h>
            |          ^~~~~~~~~~
      compilation terminated.
      In file included from plugins/python/wsgi_headers.c:1:
      plugins/python/uwsgi_python.h:4:10: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
          4 | #include <Python.h>
            |          ^~~~~~~~~~
      compilation terminated.
      In file included from plugins/python/wsgi_handlers.c:1:
      plugins/python/uwsgi_python.h:4:10: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
          4 | #include <Python.h>
            |          ^~~~~~~~~~
      compilation terminated.
      In file included from plugins/python/gil.c:1:
      plugins/python/uwsgi_python.h:4:10: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
          4 | #include <Python.h>
            |          ^~~~~~~~~~
      compilation terminated.
      In file included from plugins/python/uwsgi_pymodule.c:1:
      plugins/python/uwsgi_python.h:4:10: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
          4 | #include <Python.h>
            |          ^~~~~~~~~~
      compilation terminated.
      In file included from plugins/python/wsgi_subhandler.c:1:
      plugins/python/uwsgi_python.h:4:10: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
          4 | #include <Python.h>
            |          ^~~~~~~~~~
      compilation terminated.
      In file included from plugins/python/symimporter.c:1:
      plugins/python/uwsgi_python.h:4:10: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
          4 | #include <Python.h>
            |          ^~~~~~~~~~
      compilation terminated.
      In file included from plugins/python/pump_subhandler.c:1:
      plugins/python/uwsgi_python.h:4:10: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
          4 | #include <Python.h>
            |          ^~~~~~~~~~
      compilation terminated.
      In file included from plugins/python/raw.c:1:
      plugins/python/uwsgi_python.h:4:10: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
          4 | #include <Python.h>
            |          ^~~~~~~~~~
      compilation terminated.
      In file included from plugins/python/web3_subhandler.c:1:
      plugins/python/uwsgi_python.h:4:10: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
          4 | #include <Python.h>
            |          ^~~~~~~~~~
      compilation terminated.
      In file included from plugins/python/tracebacker.c:1:
      plugins/python/uwsgi_python.h:4:10: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
          4 | #include <Python.h>
            |          ^~~~~~~~~~
      In file included from plugins/python/profiler.c:1:
      plugins/python/uwsgi_python.h:4:10: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
          4 | #include <Python.h>
            |          ^~~~~~~~~~
      compilation terminated.
      compilation terminated.
      In file included from plugins/gevent/gevent.h:1,
                       from plugins/gevent/hooks.c:1:
      plugins/gevent/../python/uwsgi_python.h:4:10: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
          4 | #include <Python.h>
            |          ^~~~~~~~~~
      compilation terminated.
      In file included from plugins/gevent/gevent.h:1,
                       from plugins/gevent/gevent.c:1:
      plugins/gevent/../python/uwsgi_python.h:4:10: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
          4 | #include <Python.h>
            |          ^~~~~~~~~~
      compilation terminated.
      [end of output]

  note: This error originates from a subprocess, and is likely not a problem with pip.
error: legacy-install-failure

× Encountered error while trying to install package.
╰─> uwsgi

note: This is an issue with the package mentioned above, not pip.
hint: See above for output from the failure.

아래의 글에서처럼,

fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
; https://stackoverflow.com/questions/21530577/fatal-error-python-h-no-such-file-or-directory

python-dev가 없기 때문입니다. 따라서, 다음과 같은 식으로 설치해 주시면 됩니다.

$ sudo apt-get install python3.11-dev  # for python3.11 installs




[이 글에 대해서 여러분들과 의견을 공유하고 싶습니다. 틀리거나 미흡한 부분 또는 의문 사항이 있으시면 언제든 댓글 남겨주십시오.]







[최초 등록일: ]
[최종 수정일: 11/30/2022]

Creative Commons License
이 저작물은 크리에이티브 커먼즈 코리아 저작자표시-비영리-변경금지 2.0 대한민국 라이센스에 따라 이용하실 수 있습니다.
by SeongTae Jeong, mailto:techsharer at outlook.com

비밀번호

댓글 작성자
 




[1]  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  11  12  13  14  15  ...
NoWriterDateCnt.TitleFile(s)
13240정성태2/1/202372디버깅 기술: 187. ASP.NET Web Application (.NET Framework) 프로젝트의 숨겨진 예외 - System.Web.HttpException
13239정성태2/1/202367디버깅 기술: 186. C# - CacheDependency의 숨겨진 예외 - System.Web.HttpException
13238정성태1/31/202370.NET Framework: 2092. IIS 웹 사이트를 TLS 1.2 또는 TLS 1.3 프로토콜로만 운영하는 방법
13237정성태1/30/2023121.NET Framework: 2091. C# - 웹 사이트가 어떤 버전의 TLS/SSL을 지원하는지 확인하는 방법
13236정성태1/29/2023116개발 환경 구성: 663. openssl을 이용해 인트라넷 IIS 사이트의 SSL 인증서 생성
13235정성태1/29/202396개발 환경 구성: 662. openssl - 윈도우 환경의 명령행에서 SAN 적용하는 방법
13234정성태1/28/2023116개발 환경 구성: 661. dnSpy를 이용해 소스 코드가 없는 .NET 어셈블리의 코드를 변경하는 방법
13233정성태1/28/2023107오류 유형: 840. C# - WebClient로 https 호출 시 "The request was aborted: Could not create SSL/TLS secure channel" 예외 발생
13232정성태1/27/202387스크립트: 43. uwsgi의 --processes와 --threads 옵션
13231정성태1/27/202387오류 유형: 839. python - TypeError: '...' object is not callable
13230정성태1/26/2023123개발 환경 구성: 660. WSL 2 내부로부터 호스트 측의 네트워크로 UDP 데이터가 1개의 패킷으로만 제한되는 문제
13229정성태1/25/2023180.NET Framework: 2090. C# - UDP Datagram의 최대 크기
13228정성태1/24/2023173.NET Framework: 2089. C# - WMI 논리 디스크가 속한 물리 디스크의 정보를 얻는 방법 [2]파일 다운로드1
13227정성태1/23/2023124개발 환경 구성: 659. Windows - IP MTU 값을 바꿀 수 있을까요?
13226정성태1/23/2023120.NET Framework: 2088. .NET 5부터 지원하는 GetRawSocketOption 사용 시 주의할 점
13225정성태1/21/2023149개발 환경 구성: 658. Windows에서 실행 중인 소켓 서버를 다른 PC 또는 WSL에서 접속할 수 없는 경우
13224정성태1/21/2023164Windows: 221. Windows - Private/Public/Domain이 아닌 네트워크 어댑터 단위로 방화벽을 on/off하는 방법
13223정성태1/20/2023166오류 유형: 838. RDP 연결 오류 - The two computers couldn't connect in the amount of time allotted
13222정성태1/20/2023125개발 환경 구성: 657. WSL - DockerDesktop.vhdx 파일 위치를 옮기는 방법
13221정성태1/19/2023165Linux: 57. C# - 리눅스 프로세스 메모리 정보파일 다운로드1
13220정성태1/19/2023121오류 유형: 837. NETSDK1045 The current .NET SDK does not support targeting .NET ...
13219정성태1/18/2023205Windows: 220. 네트워크의 인터넷 접속 가능 여부에 대한 판단 기준
13218정성태1/17/2023183VS.NET IDE: 178. Visual Studio 17.5 (Preview 2) - 포트 터널링을 이용한 웹 응용 프로그램의 외부 접근 허용
13217정성태1/13/2023229디버깅 기술: 185. windbg - 64비트 운영체제에서 작업 관리자로 뜬 32비트 프로세스의 덤프를 sos로 디버깅하는 방법
13216정성태1/12/2023168디버깅 기술: 184. windbg - 32비트 프로세스의 메모리 덤프인 경우 !peb 명령어로 나타나지 않는 환경 변수
[1]  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  11  12  13  14  15  ...